Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions

Regulatory References

Trading Central is a member of ANACOFI-CIF, an association approved by the AMF, and registered with ORIAS under number 17005458. The company complies with the regulations in force and in particular with:

  • Code Monétaire et Financier Article L621-7 points VIII et IX
  • General Regulation of the AMF, Book III « Service Providers », Title II « Other service providers », Chapter VII “Investment analysts not associated with an investment service provider”
  • Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments
  • Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 on market abuse (market abuse regulation)
  • Regulation (EU) 2016/958 of 9 March 2016 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 596/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council with regard to regulatory technical standards for the technical arrangements for objective presentation of investment recommendations or other information recommending or suggesting an investment strategy and for disclosure of particular interests or indications of conflicts of interest

In the United States, Trading Central Americas, Inc. is a Registered Investment Adviser (RIA) with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under IARD/CRD number 801-67210. Services are provided in the United States by Trading Central Americas, Inc. Trading Central will provide a copy of its most recent written disclosure statement without charge upon written request. Notwithstanding the foregoing paragraphs, nothing herein shall constitute a waiver or limitation of any U.S. person’s rights under relevant U.S. federal or state laws.

In Asia, Trading Central Asia Ltd has received a license (number AWI815) from the Hong Kong-based Securities and Futures Commission (SFC) to conduct “Type 4” and “Type 5” regulated activities (Advising on Securities and Futures).

Risk Warning

The proposed products have been selected taking into account market conditions at a given moment. Investors acknowledge and agree that by their very nature, any investment in financial instruments is of a random nature and, therefore, any such investment constitutes a risky investment that is the sole responsibility of the investor.

The financial instruments offered by Trading Central are high-risk products that can fluctuate significantly and present a risk of capital loss.

These products are intended for experienced investors with specific knowledge, aware that the risk of loss can be up to the total amount invested or even exceed the initial investment. Before making any investment decision, investors should take note of the information in the “Risk Factor” section of the relevant product prospectus and contact their financial adviser to verify the suitability of the investment.

It is specified that the past performance of a financial product does not prejudge in any way its future performance.

It follows from the foregoing that Trading Central’s liability can not be held directly or indirectly, particularly in the event of a financial loss, regardless of its amount.

General nature of investment recommendations

Trading Central’s analyses reflect the opinions of its analysts at a given point in time. These analyses are only intended to assist the investor. The decision to invest or not always ultimately falls into the investor.

Investors are clearly advised that at no time does Trading Central decide on their personal wealth and financial situation, or on the level of risk they would be willing to bear.

Trading Central does not exercise, in this context, a Financial Advisory service. All information is of a “General” nature and can not, under any circumstances, represent any personalized information or advice or any solicitation or inducement to the public to buy or sell financial instruments.

Any decision concerning a possible purchase or sale of financial instruments is the sole responsibility of the investors, who recognize and accept it before any order is placed.

Consequently, Trading Central recommends that investors make an investment decision only after consulting a recognized financial professional who has a perfect understanding of their financial and property situation.

Assumptions and models used:

While reasonable efforts are made to ensure that the technical analysis of Trading Central is of high quality, investors are expressly advised that no express or implied warranty is made as to the accuracy, completeness or timeliness of these analyses.

Trading Central strives to ensure the accuracy and up-to-date information but does not guarantee the absence of error, its quality, availability or completeness.

 

Methodology

Technical analysis is at the heart of Trading Central’s expertise. Our methodology is proven. Our chartist and quantitative approach allows us to intervene on different investment horizons.

Market psychology

Trading Central technical analysis gives a view that is deliberately anticipatory, and not historical, with the objective of answering the following questions:

  • What is the direction of the market?
  • Where are our targets?
  • What are the levels of supports and resistances?
  • What are the risks that the anticipated scenario is not realized (“alternative scenario”)?

All our charts have an arrow that illustrates either bullish or bearish anticipation. The amplitude of the anticipated movement depends on the investment horizon.

Technical analysis, assessment and anticipation tool

Our team of analysts uses technical and chartist analysis to draw an opinion and make decisions. The preferred chartist elements are:

  • chartist trend patterns (channels, trend lines)
  • consolidation patterns (triangles, rectangles, wedges, etc …)
  • supports and resistances
  • divergence on indicators
  • Japanese candlesticks
  • Gaps
  • moving averages
  • Bollinger Bands

The Top Down approach: trading in the direction of the trend

An efficient method of stock picking is to adopt a top-down trend tracking approach. The analysis focuses first on the general trend of the market, and secondly on the sectors that make it up. Then, one or more stocks of the sector having the attention are selected.

The choice of one sector over another within the same market can be done by analyzing the ratio of the sector to the market. The sectors likely to “outperform”, that is to say, to do better than the market, are favoured.

How to select a stock?

As for the analysis of the most efficient sectors compared to the market, for the choice of stocks, the ratio of stock price to the sector is used. The idea is to position oneself to buy or sell on a stock in the direction of the market, and its sector, to maximize its chances of winning.

When analysts determine that the market is bearish, they look for sectors that underperform the market (that is, perform less well than the market) and select a stock in the sector that underperform the sector. Conversely, if they are in a rising market, they look at sectors that outperform (whose performance is better than the market) to choose the stock to buy by measuring the strength of the sector.

The Sector / Index Report

To measure the strength of a sector, the sector / index ratio is analyzed graphically. When this ratio increases, it means that the sector outperforms the index. If it falls, the sector underperforms the index.

Choose a stock and take a position

When the analysts have determined the general trend of the indices and the sector that will optimize this directional (which will most outperform when looking for long positions, underperform when looking for short positions), the last step is to find in the selected sectors, the best asset or assets to buy or sell. Thus, they choose a stock that is from a technical point of view likely to be bullish, if they are in a bull market and vice versa, a downside if they are in a bear market.

The ratio “stock price / sector”

The stock price / sector ratio is a good tool to know the performance of a company on the market. On a chart, if the curve of the company is above that of the sector, it is because the company has outperformed the sector.

Controlling market risks: money management, or how to survive on the stock market in the long-term

Before any recommendation, analysts evaluate the potential for gain and the potential for loss. They analyze the reward / risk ratio. This ratio corresponds to the ratio of the expectation of gain to the maximum loss accepted on a position.

The higher the ratio, the more the trading opportunity will offer a significant gain compared to the risk taken:  IF the reward / risk ratio is less than 1: the anticipated gain is less than the allowed loss. In this case, opening a trading position is not interesting.

Analysts are looking for entry points (buying or selling) that meet the condition of a risk return ratio greater than or equal to 3.

The reward / risk ratio allows the investor to make smart bets and stand out. If at each investment, the potential gain is greater than three times the assumed loss, even if you have 50% success rate, the capital will not decrease if the initial investment plan is respected.

Objective: to do better than the market with derivatives

When analysts have chosen an asset (a stock for example) and they anticipate that it will underperform its sector and the index, in a downward market, they are looking for a product (for example an option) that could replicate this decline with leverage.

Leverage provides superior returns and the best results. These products are called “derivatives”. Be careful, however, the risks taken are also more important and it is, therefore, necessary to control them.

 

Definitions

Technical Analysis: The technical analysis starts with a fairly simple financial principle: at a time T, the price of an asset accurately reflects all the information available on the asset, all of its history. This is because time is considered continuous; any change in the price leads to the determination of a new level which itself will be the base of reference for new variations. Therefore, it is possible to rely on the evolution of prices to try to determine the most likely future developments. A more complete definition is available here.

Investment Horizons: more information on this link

Market trend: Trading Central identifies 3 possible market directions: bullish anticipation, bearish anticipation, neutral anticipation. See below

Bullish or bearish expectation: terms synonymous with bullish or bearish trend.

  • A bullish trend is an upward movement in which successive peaks and bottoms are higher and higher
  • A bearish trend is a downward movement in which successive peaks and bottoms are lower and lower
  • A neutral trend: corresponds to an anticipation that is neither bullish nor bearish also called trading range. It is awaiting phase during which the directional market is not clearly defined.

Targets: When the identified trend is bullish, the targets are the first two resistances. In the case where the trend is bearish, the targets are the first two supports.

Supports and resistances: On the charts, the levels in green are resistances, those in red are supports. Only one is in blue, this is the key level of the analysis: the pivot point. There are 3 main categories of supports and resistances:

  • Horizontal levels: A level is considered a horizontal support because at each price attempt (at least two) to break through this level, they fail and a rebound occurs. We can reciprocally find psychological levels on the rise, preventing the rise of the asset beyond certain levels: it is then resistances. The existence of such pattern is due to the principle of market memory. In fact, investors remember past turning points and are thus able, as they approach these levels, to position themselves accordingly. These anticipations become self-fulfilling, and further strengthen the value of support or resistance. In the case of a support, it is the buyers who exercise their memory and take over, while it is the sellers who win in the case of resistance. We can then see configurations like the one reproduced here, with levels (supports or resistances) that have already been crossed and acting either as support or as resistance.
  • Trend lines: If such patterns are quite easy to identify on a horizontal plane, because often corresponding to psychological thresholds, it is not the same in the case of supports and oblique resistances, that is to say trend lines.  Indeed, it is often possible to draw oblique lines on which prices struck (resistance) or bounce (support). It is even often possible to identify parallel combinations of these lines, forming channels, upward or downward. The course comes up against the top of the channel and rest on the bottom of it. These tendencies are often extremely powerful and reflect the memory of the markets since channels can be valid simultaneously in the long and short term. The power of these trends explains why their end (the channel is said to be “broken”, generally down for a bullish channel and up for a downtrend channel) is often accompanied by high volatility and can trigger a trend reversal.
  • Fibonacci projections and retracements: Another category of reference levels exists. They are based on the length of previous trends and are grouped under the heading “Fibonacci projections and retracement”. This name refers to a set of mathematical and graphical considerations, based on the sequence of the same name. This one, formalized by the famous Italian mathematician of the 13th century, consists of the following way: Any term in the sequence is expressed as the sum of the two preceding terms (i.e. Un + 2 = Un + 1 + Un), the first two terms being 1 and 1 (i.e. U0 = U1 = 1).  The first terms of this series are: 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55… This series has many interesting properties, the most useful in the field of technical analysis concerning the limit of two consecutive terms of this series. The ratio (Un + 1 / Un) indeed tends towards the gold ratio (around 0.618) to infinitely large n. In the field of finance, this ratio and its fractions are used to determine levels of resistance and support as well as objectives. The main proportions involved are 38.2%, 50% and 61.8%. They are used to determine what are called “retracements” or “projection”.
  • Pivot Point: Level of support or resistance in blue on the charts. The pivot point serves as the theoretical stop & reverses i.e. if the level is broken; it is considered that the preferred scenario is invalidated and that the alternative scenario should develop. Our pivot points are placed on key points: which can be chartist levels (horizontal supports and resistances, trend lines or pattern targets) but also retracements and projections based on Fibonacci numbers.  NB: it is not a point calculated on the highest, lowest and opening price (method called “pivot points” based on the classical method, Woodie, moving average or Fibonacci) but of a level of invalidation of the analysis determined by the analysts of Trading Central.
  • Preferred scenario: most likely market direction with respect to technical conditions. This scenario is illustrated on the chart by a directional arrow. It is invalidated in the event of breakage of the pivot point, level in blue on our charts.
  • Alternative scenario: in the case where the pivot point is broke, the preferred scenario is invalidated and it is the alternative scenario that is now the most likely to be realized

Duration of the investment

Investment recommendations may differ depending on their time horizon.

Trading Central methodology: Investment Horizon explained

This document aims to clarify the concept of investment horizon as used by Trading Central to facilitate the use of our research.

Technical analysis focuses on forecasting trends and understanding market psychology. It assumes that the market takes everything into account, the courses follow trends and history repeats itself.

Our method of technical analysis allows to intervene on different horizons of investment: we strive to anticipate not only the nature of a movement (a rise or a fall of course), but also when this movement will be fulfilled (eg in the day, within a week or a month).

To avoid any ambiguity, the investment horizons proposed by Trading Central depend on the time scale of the chart  used (15 minutes, 30 minutes, daily or weekly).

We estimate that our expectations at a given moment “T” and on a given time scale are the most consistent up to about 20 periods. Beyond this, for a longer forecast, we need to complete our analysis with a chart on a larger time scale. Thus, for a daily chart we think that the most appropriate anticipation is up to about 20 days (20 bars). For a longer horizon we will use a weekly chart.

Analyzes on 15-minute graphs, also known as High Frequency, are based on a calculation of hourly volatility allowing forecasts to be made at a specific investment horizon of 1 hour.

Interests and conflicts of interest

  1. Trading Central has put in place information barriers and a conflict of interest management policy.
  2. Trading Central has no capital link with the issuers on which it makes investment recommendations, thus guaranteeing the total independence of its analysis.
  3.  Trading Central is neither a market maker, nor a liquidity provider, nor an investment banking leader for the securities of listed companies analyzed. Trading Central has no agreement with these listed companies regarding the provision of investment services or the production of recommendations.
  4. The products selected by Trading Central are the most suitable at a given point in time, among the products offered by its various partners. The company guarantees complete independence in selecting the selected products.
  5. Trading Central never communicates to the issuers, before diffusion, the analysis concerning them.
  6. Remuneration of Trading Central analysts is not directly related to the recommendations they produce.
  7. Trading Central analysts are not allowed to take positions on the financial markets prior to the publication of analysis. In addition, the company does not allow its analysts to trade on the shares of an issuer prior to a public offering.

Sources

The historical data used on the Trading Central charts come from external sources that are believed to be reliable.

The information and data used to write the market comments come from:

  • Official press releases of companies
  • Major news agencies and various newspapers and reference magazines

In any case, unless the information comes from a company publication, Trading Central cites the source.

Trading Central expressly excludes all liability of any kind as to the accuracy, completeness or quality of the information, products and services provided by third parties involved in carrying out its analysis.

Trading Central uses long tested and constantly monitored analysis systems, based on reliable data. However Trading Central can not be held responsible in case of failure of these data, interruption or suspension of these services.

Privacy Policy Statement Trading Central SA

Please read Trading Central’s full Privacy Policy here: https://www.tradingcentral.com/privacy-policy/

Links to third party websites

Sites accessible through tradingcentral.com through a link are not under the control of Trading Central; the company can not be held responsible for their content or the links they themselves may have.

History of recommendations

The list of all the recommendations and analysis on a financial instrument or an issuer, produced by Trading Central in the last 12 months, can be consulted directly, easily and for free by sending a letter to:

Trading Central

Compliance Department
11 bis rue Scribe
75009 Paris

The quarterly publication of the share of bullish, bearish, neutral recommendations and analysis  over the past 12 months is available by writing to:

Trading Central

Compliance Department
11 bis rue Scribe
75009 Paris

Intellectual property rights

The information and data published on the tradingcentral.com website are protected by law. You may only use or print data privately. Any reproduction, distribution, modification or publication on discussion forums, social networks, or any other medium is prohibited, except in writing by us. In the same way a possible commercial use is formally excluded.

Applicable law and jurisdiction

The use of our website and / or our services and these terms and conditions are governed and interpreted under French law. The French courts have exclusive jurisdiction to try any relative dispute in this matter, notwithstanding the fact that Trading Central may choose another court competent to judge a similar dispute under an applicable law.

Trading Central : SA au capital social de 389 700 EUR. Headquarter : 11 bis rue Scribe, 75009 Paris. Registered in Paris under the number 423 512 607. Phone : +33 1 55 28 80 40

Director of publication of the site : Romain Gandon

TVA N°: FR 17 423 512 607

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